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  • Guideline Summary
  • NGC:009923
  • 2013 Apr 25

Best evidence statement (BESt). Culturally sensitive asthma education.

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Best evidence statement (BESt). Culturally sensitive asthma education. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2013 Apr 25. 4 p. [5 references]

View the original guideline documentation External Web Site Policy

This is the current release of the guideline.

Major Recommendations

The strength of the recommendation (strongly recommended, recommended, or no recommendation) and the quality of the evidence (1a‒5b) are defined at the end of the "Major Recommendations" field.

It is strongly recommended that health care providers use culturally sensitive educational materials to educate patients with asthma and/or their families, living in urban settings to heighten adherence to proposed treatment (Bailey et al., 2009 [1a]).

Definitions:

Table of Evidence Levels

Quality Level Definition
1a† or 1b† Systematic review, meta-analysis, or meta-synthesis of multiple studies
2a or 2b Best study design for domain
3a or 3b Fair study design for domain
4a or 4b Weak study design for domain
5a or 5b General review, expert opinion, case report, consensus report, or guideline
5 Local Consensus

†a = good quality study; b = lesser quality study

Table of Language and Definitions for Recommendation Strength

Language for Strength Definition

It is strongly recommended that…

It is strongly recommended that… not…

When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is high support that benefits clearly outweigh risks and burdens (or visa-versa for negative recommendations).

It is recommended that…

It is recommended that… not…

When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is moderate support that benefits are closely balanced with risks and burdens.

There is insufficient evidence and a lack of consensus to make a recommendation…

Note: See the original guideline document for the dimensions used for judging the strength of the recommendation.

Clinical Algorithm(s)

None provided

Disease/Condition(s)

Asthma

Guideline Category

Counseling

Management

Treatment

Clinical Specialty

Allergy and Immunology

Family Practice

Nursing

Pediatrics

Pulmonary Medicine

Intended Users

Advanced Practice Nurses

Nurses

Physician Assistants

Physicians

Respiratory Care Practitioners

Guideline Objective(s)

To evaluate, among patients with asthma living in urban setting, if a culturally sensitive approach to asthma education for patients and/or their families, as compared to a generic approach to asthma education, effects completion of a homecare asthma education program and adherence to treatment

Target Population

Children ages 2-18 years with asthma and/or their families living in urban settings referred for asthma education

Note: This guideline does not apply to children without asthma or those children with asthma outside urban setting.

Interventions and Practices Considered

Culturally sensitive asthma education

Major Outcomes Considered

  • Completion of a homecare asthma education program
  • Adherence to treatment

Methods Used to Collect/Select the Evidence

Searches of Electronic Databases

Description of Methods Used to Collect/Select the Evidence

Search Strategy

Databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, eBook Subscription Collection (EBSCO), Medline, Cochrane

Search Terms: pediatric asthma, asthma education, asthma interventions, asthma compliance, asthma adherence, cultural barriers urban education asthma

Limits: 2002 to current

Filters: Dates, English

Date Last Searched: November 13, 2012

Number of Source Documents

Not stated

Methods Used to Assess the Quality and Strength of the Evidence

Weighting According to a Rating Scheme (Scheme Given)

Rating Scheme for the Strength of the Evidence

Table of Evidence Levels

Quality Level Definition
1a† or 1b† Systematic review, meta-analysis, or meta-synthesis of multiple studies
2a or 2b Best study design for domain
3a or 3b Fair study design for domain
4a or 4b Weak study design for domain
5a or 5b General review, expert opinion, case report, consensus report, or guideline
5 Local Consensus

†a = good quality study; b = lesser quality study

Methods Used to Analyze the Evidence

Review of Published Meta-Analyses

Systematic Review

Description of the Methods Used to Analyze the Evidence

Not stated

Methods Used to Formulate the Recommendations

Expert Consensus

Description of Methods Used to Formulate the Recommendations

Not stated

Rating Scheme for the Strength of the Recommendations

Table of Language and Definitions for Recommendation Strength

Language for Strength Definition

It is strongly recommended that…

It is strongly recommended that… not…

When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is high support that benefits clearly outweigh risks and burdens (or visa-versa for negative recommendations).

It is recommended that…

It is recommended that… not…

When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is moderate support that benefits are closely balanced with risks and burdens.

There is insufficient evidence and a lack of consensus to make a recommendation…

Note: See the original guideline document for the dimensions used for judging the strength of the recommendation.

Cost Analysis

Initially there will be cost for translation and materials development, however return on investment may be realized from improved treatment adherence.

Method of Guideline Validation

Peer Review

Description of Method of Guideline Validation

This Best Evidence Statement has been reviewed against quality criteria by two independent reviewers from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) Evidence Collaboration.

References Supporting the Recommendations

Bailey EJ, Cates CJ, Kruske SG, Morris PS, Brown N, Chang AB. Culture-specific programs for children and adults from minority groups who have asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;(2):CD006580. [53 references] PubMed External Web Site Policy

Type of Evidence Supporting the Recommendations

The type of supporting evidence is identified and graded for each recommendation (see the "Major Recommendations" field.)

Potential Benefits

Culturally specific asthma education programs resulted in decreased hospitalizations and improved quality of life through asthma knowledge.

Potential Harms

Not stated

Qualifying Statements

This Best Evidence Statement addresses only key points of care for the target population; it is not intended to be a comprehensive practice guideline. These recommendations result from review of literature and practices current at the time of their formulation. This Best Evidence Statement does not preclude using care modalities proven efficacious in studies published subsequent to the current revision of this document. This document is not intended to impose standards of care preventing selective variances from the recommendations to meet the specific and unique requirements of individual patients. Adherence to this Statement is voluntary. The clinician in light of the individual circumstances presented by the patient must make the ultimate judgment regarding the priority of any specific procedure.

Description of Implementation Strategy

Applicability Issues

Health care providers developing culturally specific materials need to take into consideration aspects of culture, religion, and physical features of clients or the population to be served and make allowance for culturally specific health care beliefs and attitudes as well as individual preferences, while avoiding cultural stereotypes. Materials used to teach culture specific asthma care should adhere to organizational policies. In addition to culturally specific materials, provider-client interaction including cross-cultural communication, competence, health literacy promotion as well as an appreciation for diversity will increase the learning potential. Initially there will be cost for translation and materials development, however return on investment may be realized from improved treatment adherence.

Implementation Tools

Audit Criteria/Indicators

For information about availability, see the Availability of Companion Documents and Patient Resources fields below.

IOM Care Need

Living with Illness

Staying Healthy

IOM Domain

Effectiveness

Patient-centeredness

Bibliographic Source(s)

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Best evidence statement (BESt). Culturally sensitive asthma education. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2013 Apr 25. 4 p. [5 references]

Adaptation

Not applicable: The guideline was not adapted from another source.

Date Released

2013 Apr 25

Guideline Developer(s)

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center - Hospital/Medical Center

Source(s) of Funding

No external funding was received for development of this Best Evidence Statement (BESt).

Guideline Committee

Not stated

Composition of Group That Authored the Guideline

Team Leader/Author: Lenilyn King BSN, RN, Home Care

Support/Consultants: Patti Besuner MN, RN, EBP Mentor; Mona Mansour MD, MS, Division of General & Community Pediatrics; Lisa Crosby, APN, Division of General & Community Pediatric; Susan Wade-Murphy RN, Senior Clinical Director Homecare Services

Financial Disclosures/Conflicts of Interest

Conflicts of interest were declared for each team member. No financial or intellectual conflicts of interest were found.

Guideline Status

This is the current release of the guideline.

Guideline Availability

Availability of Companion Documents

The following are available:

  • Judging the strength of a recommendation. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2008 Jan. 1 p. Available from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center External Web Site Policy.
  • Grading a body of evidence to answer a clinical question. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 1 p.
  • Table of evidence levels. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2008 Feb 29. 1 p. Available from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center External Web Site Policy.

In addition, suggested process or outcome measures are available in the original guideline document External Web Site Policy.

Patient Resources

None available

NGC Status

This NGC summary was completed by ECRI Institute on September 6, 2013.

Copyright Statement

This NGC summary is based on the original full-text guideline, which is subject to the following copyright restrictions:

Copies of this Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) Best Evidence Statement (BESt) are available online and may be distributed by any organization for the global purpose of improving child health outcomes. Examples of approved uses of the BESt include the following:

  • Copies may be provided to anyone involved in the organization's process for developing and implementing evidence based care;
  • Hyperlinks to the CCHMC website may be placed on the organization's website;
  • The BESt may be adopted or adapted for use within the organization, provided that CCHMC receives appropriate attribution on all written or electronic documents; and
  • Copies may be provided to patients and the clinicians who manage their care.

Notification of CCHMC at EBDMInfo@cchmc.org for any BESt adopted, adapted, implemented or hyperlinked by the organization is appreciated.

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