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  • Guideline Summary
  • NGC:009992
  • 2013 Jul 23

Best evidence statement (BESt). Promoting family satisfaction during care level transition.

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Best evidence statement (BESt). Promoting family satisfaction during care level transition. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2013 Jul 23. 5 p. [11 references]

View the original guideline documentation External Web Site Policy

This is the current release of the guideline.

Major Recommendations

The strength of the recommendation (strongly recommended, recommended, or no recommendation) and the quality of the evidence (1a‒5b) are defined at the end of the "Major Recommendations" field.

It is strongly recommended that nursing staff use standardized information to educate patients and families prior to transfer, on the anticipated environmental changes and care delivery routines that they will experience upon transfer from an intensive care unit (ICU) to a general floor to decrease anxiety (Brooke et al., 2012 [1a]) and increase satisfaction (Bailey et al., 2010, [4a]; Herrera-Espineira et al., 2009, [4b]; Rahmqvist, 2001 [4a]).

Note 1: Patient and caregiver anxiety was found to be inversely correlated with patient/caregiver satisfaction (Rahmqvist, 2001 [4a]; Herrera-Espineira et al., 2009 [4b]).

Note 2: Increased informational support as perceived by patients and families is positively correlated with satisfaction of care (Bailey et al., 2010 [4a]).

Definitions:

Table of Evidence Levels

Quality Level Definition
1a† or 1b† Systematic review, meta-analysis, or meta-synthesis of multiple studies
2a or 2b Best study design for domain
3a or 3b Fair study design for domain
4a or 4b Weak study design for domain
5a or 5b General review, expert opinion, case report, consensus report, or guideline
5 Local Consensus

†a = good quality study; b = lesser quality study

Table of Language and Definitions for Recommendation Strength

Language for Strength Definition
It is strongly recommended that…

It is strongly recommended that…not…
When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is high support that benefits clearly outweigh risks and burdens (or visa-versa for negative recommendations).
It is recommended that…

It is recommended that… not…
When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is moderate support that benefits are closely balanced with risks and burdens.
There is insufficient evidence and a lack of consensus to make a recommendation…

Note: See the original guideline document for the dimensions used for judging the strength of the recommendation.

Clinical Algorithm(s)

None provided

Disease/Condition(s)

Any condition requiring transfer from a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), cardiac intensive care unit (CICU), or neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to a general pediatric medical/surgical unit

Guideline Category

Counseling

Management

Clinical Specialty

Critical Care

Nursing

Pediatrics

Surgery

Intended Users

Advanced Practice Nurses

Hospitals

Nurses

Physician Assistants

Physicians

Guideline Objective(s)

To evaluate, among inpatients who are transferred from a higher to lesser level of care, does a standardized written approach to anticipatory preparation of the transfer compared to non-standardized preparation effect patient, family, or caregivers reported level of satisfaction

Target Population

Infants and children in an inpatient setting, transferring from pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), cardiac intensive care unit (CICU), or neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to general pediatric medical/surgical unit for the first time

Interventions and Practices Considered

Standardized written approach to anticipatory preparation

Note: Standardized anticipatory preparation is defined as the development of set written information for patients and families that is routinely distributed prior to transfer of the patient out of the intensive care unit (ICU) to a general care floor to educate and inform families of the changes to expect in the environment, care practices, specific floor policies, and bedside staffing.

Major Outcomes Considered

  • Improved patient experience
  • Reduced patient/family anxiety

Methods Used to Collect/Select the Evidence

Searches of Electronic Databases

Description of Methods Used to Collect/Select the Evidence

Search Strategy

  • Databases: CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO
  • Search Terms: inpatients, caregivers, parent, family, pediatric, transition, ICU, intensive care, preparation, guidance, education, information, satisfaction, perception, experience, outcomes, anxiety, stress, patient satisfaction, relocation stress
  • Limits, Filters, Search Dates: English
  • Date Search Done: 1998-2013

Number of Source Documents

Not stated

Methods Used to Assess the Quality and Strength of the Evidence

Weighting According to a Rating Scheme (Scheme Given)

Rating Scheme for the Strength of the Evidence

Table of Evidence Levels

Quality Level Definition
1a† or 1b† Systematic review, meta-analysis, or meta-synthesis of multiple studies
2a or 2b Best study design for domain
3a or 3b Fair study design for domain
4a or 4b Weak study design for domain
5a or 5b General review, expert opinion, case report, consensus report, or guideline
5 Local Consensus

†a = good quality study; b = lesser quality study

Methods Used to Analyze the Evidence

Systematic Review

Description of the Methods Used to Analyze the Evidence

Not stated

Methods Used to Formulate the Recommendations

Expert Consensus

Description of Methods Used to Formulate the Recommendations

Not stated

Rating Scheme for the Strength of the Recommendations

Table of Language and Definitions for Recommendation Strength

Language for Strength Definition
It is strongly recommended that…

It is strongly recommended that…not…
When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is high support that benefits clearly outweigh risks and burdens (or visa-versa for negative recommendations).
It is recommended that…

It is recommended that… not…
When the dimensions for judging the strength of the evidence are applied, there is moderate support that benefits are closely balanced with risks and burdens.
There is insufficient evidence and a lack of consensus to make a recommendation…

Note: See the original guideline document for the dimensions used for judging the strength of the recommendation.

Cost Analysis

A formal cost analysis was not performed and published cost analyses were not reviewed.

Method of Guideline Validation

Peer Review

Description of Method of Guideline Validation

This Best Evidence Statement (BESt) has been reviewed against quality criteria by two independent reviewers from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) Evidence Collaboration.

References Supporting the Recommendations

Bailey JJ, Sabbagh M, Loiselle CG, Boileau J, McVey L. Supporting families in the ICU: a descriptive correlational study of informational support, anxiety, and satisfaction with care. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2010 Apr;26(2):114-22. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Brooke J, Hasan N, Slark J, Sharma P. Efficacy of information interventions in reducing transfer anxiety from a critical care setting to a general ward: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Crit Care. 2012 Aug;27(4):425.e9-15. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Herrera-Espineira C, Rodriguez del Aguila Mdel M, Rodriguez del Castillo M, Valdivia AF, Sanchez IR. Relationship between anxiety level of patients and their satisfaction with different aspects of healthcare. Health Policy. 2009 Jan;89(1):37-45. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Rahmqvist M. Patient satisfaction in relation to age, health status and other background factors: a model for comparisons of care units. Int J Qual Health Care. 2001 Oct;13(5):385-90. PubMed External Web Site Policy

Type of Evidence Supporting the Recommendations

The type of supporting evidence is identified and graded for each recommendation (see the "Major Recommendations" field).

Potential Benefits

Improved patient experience and reduced family/patient anxiety during first-time care level transition

Potential Harms

Not stated

Qualifying Statements

This Best Evidence Statement addresses only key points of care for the target population; it is not intended to be a comprehensive practice guideline. These recommendations result from review of literature and practices current at the time of their formulation. This Best Evidence Statement does not preclude using care modalities proven efficacious in studies published subsequent to the current revision of this document. This document is not intended to impose standards of care preventing selective variances from the recommendations to meet the specific and unique requirements of individual patients. Adherence to this Statement is voluntary. The clinician in light of the individual circumstances presented by the patient must make the ultimate judgment regarding the priority of any specific procedure.

Description of Implementation Strategy

Applicability Issues

Standard educational content needs to be developed to ensure parent and caregiver confidence before and during a transfer out of the intensive care unit (ICU). One avenue, which is supported by the literature, for this to be achieved is the use of a written format, such as a pamphlet or brochure. Unit staff or management will need to determine who will be accountable to distribute and discuss the information (i.e., sending unit, receiving unit). The pamphlet must be distributed within a realistic time frame that provides ample time for family and patients to read and have questions answered prior to transfer. The pamphlet needs to be easily tailored to individual unit environment specifics. Other modalities to educate families, such as a video for the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) TV channel or a standardized unit tour can additionally be used to improve the parent or caregiver's anxiety and confidence during and after a transfer out of the ICU.

Implementation Tools

Audit Criteria/Indicators

For information about availability, see the Availability of Companion Documents and Patient Resources fields below.

IOM Care Need

Getting Better

IOM Domain

Patient-centeredness

Bibliographic Source(s)

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Best evidence statement (BESt). Promoting family satisfaction during care level transition. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2013 Jul 23. 5 p. [11 references]

Adaptation

Not applicable: The guideline was not adapted from another source.

Date Released

2013 Jul 23

Guideline Developer(s)

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center - Hospital/Medical Center

Source(s) of Funding

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

No external funding was received for development of this Best Evidence Statement (BESt).

Guideline Committee

Not stated

Composition of Group That Authored the Guideline

Team Leader/Author: Michelle M. Coleman, MN, RN, CPN

Team Members: Patti Besuner, MN, CNS, Center for Professional Excellence, Research and Evidence-Based Practice; Kathy Dressman, RN, MS, NEA-BC

Financial Disclosures/Conflicts of Interest

Conflict of interest declaration forms are filed with the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) Evidence-Based Decision Making (EBDM) group. No financial or intellectual conflicts of interest were found.

Guideline Status

This is the current release of the guideline.

Guideline Availability

Availability of Companion Documents

The following are available:

  • Judging the strength of a recommendation. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2008 Jan. 1 p. Available from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center External Web Site Policy.
  • Grading a body of evidence to answer a clinical question. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 1 p.
  • Table of evidence levels. Cincinnati (OH): Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center; 2008 Feb 29. 1 p. Available from the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center External Web Site Policy.

In addition, suggested process or outcome measures are available in the original guideline document External Web Site Policy.

Patient Resources

None available

NGC Status

This NGC summary was completed by ECRI Institute on December 2, 2013.

Copyright Statement

This NGC summary is based on the original full-text guideline, which is subject to the following copyright restrictions:

Copies of this Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC) Best Evidence Statement (BESt) are available online and may be distributed by any organization for the global purpose of improving child health outcomes. Examples of approved uses of CCHMC's BESt include the following:

  • Copies may be provided to anyone involved in the organization's process for developing and implementing evidence-based care guidelines.
  • Hyperlinks to the CCHMC website may be placed on the organization's website.
  • The BESt may be adopted or adapted for use within the organization, provided that CCHMC receives appropriate attribution on all written or electronic documents.
  • Copies may be provided to patients and the clinicians who manage their care.

Notification of CCHMC at EBDMInfo@cchmc.org for any BESt adopted, adapted, implemented or hyperlinked to by a given organization and/or user, is appreciated.

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